The Ministry of Education recently released: kindergartens do not teach primary school courses in advance!

2022-05-06 0 By

On February 15, the Ministry of Education held a press conference to introduce the work related to the re-opening of primary and secondary schools and kindergartens.According to statistics, in 2020, the number of children in kindergartens for three years in China is 48.183 million.At present, various places have carried out the quality assessment of kindergarten education in different forms, but for a long time, there has been a tendency to “pay more attention to the results than the process”, “pay more attention to the hardware than the connotation” and so on. In order to solve these problems, the Ministry of Education today issued the “Kindergarten Education Quality Assessment Guide” to promote the construction of a scientific kindergarten education quality assessment system.It is forbidden to evaluate the quality of kindergarten care education by directly measuring children’s ability and development level. The Evaluation Guide puts forward 15 key indicators and 48 key points of examination from five aspects, including the direction of kindergarten management, conservation and safety, educational process, environment creation and teacher team.Efforts should be made to improve and optimize the evaluation methods from three aspects: highlighting the process evaluation, focusing on class observation and strengthening self-evaluation, so as to improve the scientific, effective and operational evaluation work.The guideline focuses on the quality of the nursery education process, and it is forbidden to evaluate the quality of nursery education by directly measuring children’s ability and development level.Abandon the “tour” type evaluation emphasizes continuous observation in the past, not less than half in the process of evaluation, some local focus mainly on the material preparation, see information, tour problem is outstanding, the special emphasis on the assessment guide on the class observation time, not less than half of natural observation in a row, on the observation coverage,Emphasis should be placed on not less than one-third of the total number of classes for each age group to ensure a comprehensive, objective and true understanding of the process and quality of kindergarten nursery education and improve the effectiveness of evaluation.It also puts forward that through the professional judgment of the interaction between teachers and children in the class and the concept and behavior of the teaching staff in the implementation process of education and education, the concrete implementation of the Guidelines for the Learning and Development of children aged 3-6 and the Guidelines for Kindergarten Education are emphatically investigated.The evaluation Guide also emphasizes that self-evaluation should be taken as a normal means to improve teachers’ professional ability. Through in-depth participation of teachers and staff, kindergarten should establish a benign development mechanism of self-diagnosis, reflection and improvement, as well as external evaluation and incentive guidance, so as to effectively change the concept and behavior of principals and teachers and improve their practical ability of kindergarten education.In terms of the assessment content, the Assessment Guide puts forward a series of key indicators and examination points. Among them, it proposes that primary school curriculum content should not be taught in advance, and unrealistic characteristic courses should not be carried out.Formulate and implement a physical exercise plan suitable for children’s physical development, and ensure that the time for outdoor activities is not less than 2 hours and the time for physical activities is not less than 1 hour every day;(b) Pay attention to children with special needs and, wherever possible, create conditions for their participation in class activities and provide necessary care;Help children to establish a reasonable routine of life, develop good living habits;According to the actual situation of the kindergarten and class, make scientific and reasonable class education plan every semester and every week;Pay attention to the scientific connection between young and young, the next semester of the big class to take a variety of forms, targeted to help children do a good job of physical and mental, life, society and learning and other aspects of preparation, the establishment of a positive expectation and yearning for primary school, promote the smooth transition of children.In the process of education, it is emphasized that teachers are good at finding various accidental educational opportunities, able to grasp the interesting or meaningful problems and situations in activities, able to identify children’s active learning in new ways and give effective support.The evaluation Guide also proposes that the size and class size of kindergartens should comply with relevant national and local regulations, and the indoor and outdoor spatial layout should be rationally planned and flexibly adjusted to meet the needs of children’s play activities to the maximum extent.Kindergarten equipped with picture books in line with the characteristics of children’s age and cognitive level, the number of per capita not less than 10 books, each class not more than 5 copies, and timely adjustment and update according to the need.No physical punishment and other harmful behaviors to children’s physical and mental health, pay attention to the effectiveness of daily care in the teacher team, requires that the staff do not discriminate, insult, corporal punishment or disguised corporal punishment and other harmful behaviors to children’s physical and mental health.Principals should have more than five years of working experience as kindergarten teachers or kindergarten management.In the incentive mechanism, highlight the effect of daily conservation education practice, overcome the tendency of only subject, only paper.The Ministry of Education has also asked local governments to improve evaluation standards and compile self-evaluation manuals for kindergarten education quality to ensure the effective implementation of the evaluation.In terms of assessment cycle, kindergartens are required to carry out self-assessment every semester, and county-level supervision assessment is required to carry out external assessment every 3-5 years according to the number of kindergartens under its jurisdiction and work needs, so as to ensure that all kindergartens are covered within each cycle, and provincial and municipal governments are required to carry out spot checks based on actual conditions.In addition, all localities are required to provide necessary funds and establish professional evaluation teams to ensure the smooth implementation of the evaluation work.