Watch out!Occurrence these circumstances must take seriously, or it is the signal of disease!

2022-05-02 0 By

Chen Sijiao, chief physician of geriatric cardiovascular diseases in the First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, professor of the decline of physical function of the elderly, discomfort symptoms throughout the body gradually increased, some are important disease signals, need to be paid attention to, early recognition and early treatment, to maintain health.Guo Lianrui, director of vascular Surgery department of Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University: If the elderly feel cold legs and feet, lower limb muscle pain, need to rest after walking for a period of time before walking, need to be alert to whether the occurrence of lower limb arteriosclerosis occlusion.If lower limb artery plaque causes lumen stenosis or occlusion, leg blood supply is insufficient, there may be leg cold, numbness, weakness, muscle pain or spasm (appeared after walking, relieved after rest) and other manifestations, easy to be confused with leg aging performance or lumbar disc herniation.The elderly with lower limb ischemia are often complicated with coronary heart disease, hypertension, diabetes and other diseases, and their physical state is weak, so appropriate treatment should be selected according to their condition.If symptoms are not severe, medication can be used to promote collateral circulation.If the condition is serious, it can be treated under the guidance of doctors through minimally invasive surgery, bypass surgery and other methods to avoid rapid aggravation of the condition.Remind this kind of elderly in daily life pay attention to control high blood fat, hypertension, diabetes and other risk factors, do a good job of foot care, avoid ulcer.Liu Dachuan, director of ophthalmology at Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University: Some old people have black shadows floating before their eyes, or are covered by a layer of foggy things. In addition to floaters and cataracts, they also need to pay attention to vitreous bleeding.Floaters are vitreous opacities that are age-related and present with dark shadows, but most do not cause visual impairment.If vitreous bleeding amount is small, also can appear similar symptoms, but not timely treatment can cause retinal detachment, affect vision.A little more vitreous bleeding, there can be a sense of occlusion, easy to confuse with cataracts, need timely treatment, so as not to cause irreversible damage to vision.In life, the elderly should avoid the rapid movement of the eye, rubbing the eye, to avoid pulling vitreous caused by retinal damage.After treatment and elimination of the occlusion of the fundus caused by bleeding, attention should be paid to identifying the primary causes of bleeding, such as age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, retinal vein occlusion, etc., and targeted surgical treatment should be taken to restore vision to varying degrees.Capital Medical University Xuanwu Hospital otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery Director Wang Zhenlin: Runny nose, sputum with blood is a common symptom in life, if repeated, prolonged, elderly people need to pay attention to whether there are skull base tumors and other problems.The vast majority of the nose, throat mucosa bleeding associated with inflammation or mucous membrane dry, after simple targeted treatment can be cured, but caused by tumor destruction of bleeding is usually difficult to heal, especially with headache, unilateral nasal obstruction, unilateral cranial nerve palsy (such as facial numbness, loss of vision, smell, voice hoarse) wait for a symptom.The neurological function and general condition of the elderly decline, the above suggestive symptoms are not equal to evidence, but also need to be directly observed through endoscopy of the nasal cavity, pharynx cavity, ear canal, or through high resolution CT, magnetic resonance and other diagnosis.For those with swelling and pain confirmed by the above examination, especially for elderly patients, endoscopic minimally invasive treatment can be the first choice under the guidance of doctors, as well as particle radiotherapy suitable for the elderly.In the stage of treatment and rehabilitation, it is suggested that early active training of mouth opening, swallowing and facial movement is very helpful to restore the quality of life.Dietary defecation has changed Capital medical University Xuanwu hospital general surgery director Liu Dongbin: as the aging of the organism, in addition to deglutition, poor digestion ability, poor appetite and other degenerative performance, the elderly should also pay attention to these digestive tract disease signals.For example, loss of appetite, abdominal discomfort, rapid weight loss in a short period of time;Nausea and vomiting, abdominal distension, bloody stools, black stools;Jaundice of skin or sclera, thick brown urine, clay stool;A hard mass was felt on the abdomen;Changes in stool habits, constipation or diarrhea, etc.The elderly with a history of gastric ulcer, gastrectomy, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, alcoholic hepatitis, long-term cholecystolithiasis, recurrent cholecystitis and other medical history should be more wary of elderly gastrointestinal tumors.The elderly are often accompanied by other systemic diseases. It is suggested that comprehensive multidisciplinary evaluation and guidance should be taken to select treatment methods suitable for the physical state, such as minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery. As well as early postoperative activities, early food intake, regular monitoring of physical conditions according to medical advice, and early resumption of normal life.Lower abdomen falls painful waist acid bilges wang Shijun of director of obstetrics and gynecology of xuanwu hospital of capital medical university: often lower abdomen falls painful, lumbosacral ministry acid bilges, the feeling seems to have thing to fall out, is old waist bad?It may actually involve pelvic floor muscles.Elderly women often pelvic floor tissue elasticity, weakened support, prone to pelvic organ prolapse.For this kind of degenerative disease, prevention is recommended. Pelvic floor muscle exercise can be carried out at home, and spontaneous and repeated contraction of anus and vagina (without the use of abdominal muscles and thigh muscles) can enhance the strength of pelvic floor muscle tissue.It is necessary to avoid overwork and long-term weight bearing in daily life, and actively treat diseases causing chronic abdominal pressure increase, such as chronic cough and constipation, to improve or delay the further development of prolapse.Bleeding leucorrhea under abdominal pain Capital Medical University Xuanwu Hospital obstetrics and Gynecology director Wang Shijun: even with age growth, gynecological diseases can not be far away from the elderly, there are several symptoms should pay special attention to.One is postmenopausal vaginal bleeding, bleeding amount, color, accompanying symptoms can have different performance.Two is abnormal leucorrhea, such as rice soup, water, blood leucorrhea, accompanied by foul odor.The third is lower abdomen pain, and abdominal touch block, abdominal distension, emaciation.If the elderly find one or several of the above symptoms, it is recommended to seek medical treatment to investigate the cause, which may be endometritis, vaginitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, endometrial cancer, cervical cancer, fallopian tube cancer, etc.Elderly people are often complicated with hypertension, diabetes, heart disease and other chronic diseases, poor physical tolerance, need to do targeted treatment according to physical quality, disease conditions.In life, it is suggested that the elderly actively treat senile vaginitis and other gynecological diseases, develop good health habits, regular gynecological examination every year, maintain good health.China Disclaimer: This article is reproduced for the purpose of passing on more information.If the source is wrong or violated your legitimate rights and interests, please contact the author with proof of ownership, we will promptly correct, delete, thank you.Email address: newmedia@xxcb.cn